- HALLSTATT PART 3 -

Hallstatt Town

LINKS to pages in the Hallstatt site and to the Colin Day Travelling Days series:

1 : Hallstatter See
2 : Hallstatt Churches
3 : Hallstatt Town
4 : Hallstatt Funicular
HOME PAGE : AUSTRIA 2009
HOME PAGE : COLIN DAY'S LINKS

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From the Hallstatt website (with acknowledgment):
"The earliest proof of human presence in the area around Hallstatt is a cleverly drilled bone of a cave bear dated around 12000BC. There is indication of settlement in this region from as early as the Neolithic Stone Age. Stone axes (5000BC) are proof of the prehistoric mining of salt. The first winning of salt by miners, assisted by the newly discovered bronze, took place around 1200BC - and the world's oldest salt mine was born.

"About 400BC the Celts invaded the Illyrian settlements, and only in the inaccessible mountain regions were the Illyrians able to maintain their position. The newly founded kingdom of Norikum was the first state in what became Austria. In 303BC a massive landslide destroyed the settlement and temporarily put an end to mining in the so-called "East group."

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"Around the time of the birth of Christ, Norikum became a Roman Province. The Romans built streets, settled in Hallstatt, and together with the defeated Celts, continued mining for the duration of the Roman Empire. In the 6th century AD the Bavarians took over the region. In 1000 AD mining again achieved the importance it had in prehistoric times, and later under Roman administration.

"In 1284 the Habsburg Duke Albrecht I had a watchtower built on the Salzberg and named it the "Rudolfsturm" after his father. It served its purpose a few years later during the "Salt War" between Albrecht and the Archbishop Konrad IV of Salzburg.

In 1311, three years after Albrecht's murder, his widow Queen Elisabeth bestowed upon Hallstatt the rights of a market town. In 1494, Emperor Maximilian I bestowed on Hallstatt a coat of arms, brewery rights, and came personally 'to see the Salzberg' in 1504."



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"In 1997 the UNESCO Convention for the Protection of the World's Cultural and Natural Heritages added the region of "Hallstatt - Dachstein/Salzkammergut" to its World Heritage List. Hallstatt received this special honour for its cultural and natural characteristics and is now under protection of this global Cultural and Natural Heritage, together with 580 sites in 112 countries."

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